Lomonosov Moscow State University. University structure and staff.
In 1755 Moscow University had three faculties: Philosophy, Law and Medicine. Currently there are 27 faculties not including research institutes: of Mechanics and Mathematics, Computational Mathematics and Cybernetics, Physics, Chemistry, Geology, Biology, Geography, Soil Science, Fundamental Medicine, History, Philology, Philosophy, Foreign Languages, Economics, Journalism, Law, Psychology, Sociology, Institute of Asian and African Studies, Public Administration and Social Studies, Materials Sciences, Pedagogy, Arts, International Relations, Bioengineering and Bioinformatics, Continuing Education, Center for International Education.
The main research institutes of the University are listed below:
The scope of research activities at D.V. Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics covers all modern aspects of Microphysics including Cosmic-ray Astrophysics, Space Physics, High Energy Physics, Nuclear Physics, Atomic and Solid State Physics, Cosmic Material Science, Quantum Electronics and Microelectronics.
Sternberg Astronomical Institute's major studies are: Extragallactic Astronomy, Cosmology and Relativistic Astrophysics, Gravitational Wave Astronomy, Physics of Interstellar Medium, Solar Physics, Moon and Planets Studies, Time Service, System of Celestial Reference Frame, Gravitational Field and Shape of the Earth, Moon, and planets, Radioastronomy, History of Astronomy, Space investigations.
Research Institute of Mechanics provides researchers with a unique set of research complexes and instruments that ensures outstanding results in aerodynamics and heat fluxes in the space-crafts during their intrusion into the planet atmosphere (e.g. "Buran" shuttle); determination of the aerodynamic characteristics of the super-sonic aircrafts, wavegliders, stellar bodies, V-shaped wings, and parachutes. A novel direction of study, namely, Mechanics of Natural Processes in Catastrophes (the earthquakes; snow-slide relocations; tornado, twister, and hurricane circulation; study of asteroid and nuclear-comet fall onto the Earth) is actively developed.
A.N. Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical Biology covers all major branches of modern Physico-chemical Biology, namely, Fundamental and Applied Studies in Bioenergetics, Enzymology, Chemistry and Biochemistry of Proteins, Cell Biology, Photosynthesis, Molecular Virology, Evolutionary Biochemistry, Mathematical Biology, Medicine Informatics.
International Laser Center research programme aims at development of fundamentals of Laser technology, new methods of Laser Diagnostics and Spectroscopy, Laser Biophysics and Biomedicine, Laser Chemistry, Optical Processing, Computer Simulation, development of new materials for Nonlinear Optics and Opto-electronics.
Research Computing Center (RCS). Fundamental studies in the Numeric Analysis, Information Theory, Automation and Information System, Simulation Modeling are performed in the University Computer Center. Researchers and specialists from both the RCS and Center of New Information Technologies develop distributed data bases, which cover major sections of Moscow University activities, manuals in a computer form, and new-generation training systems.
The Earth Museum, D.N. Anuchin Research Institute and Museum of Anthropology, and Museum of Zoology perform research studies in Earth Sciences, Anthropology, and Zoology, develop modern methods for investigation and popularization of the most valuable museum collections and exhibits.
A.N.Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Problems of Microphysics unites scientist’s activities in Field-theoretic methods in particle physics, astrophysics and gravitation; Field and computer methods in high energy physics; Quantum computer physics.
Research Institute of Soil Sciences is a joint project of MSU and Russian Academy of Sciences. The Institute’s mission: to study functional role of soils and soil cover in agricultural and natural ecosystems and biosphere as a whole.
Institute of World Culture was established to develop research in the field of culture and intercultural communications with special emphasis to Culture of East, Midieval culture, Christian culture and Russian culture.
In the Centre for Sociological Studies the following problems are under investigation: Problems of development of mass consciousness; Civil changes in modern Russia: spiritual processes, values, ideals; The person as a subject of public change: social, humanitarian, and psychological problems; Political relations in Russian society: power, democracy, personality; Integrated information-telecommunicative systems and network.
In addition, the following divisions were established recently.
- Engineering Centre to Assess Geological and Technogenic Risks "TECHNORISK"
- Russian-German Institute of Science and Culture
- Centre for the International Education
- A.M.Liapunov French-Russian Centre of Computer Science and Applied Mathematics
- Centre of Magnetic Tomography and Spectroscopy
- Laboratory for Math problems in Cryptography
- Centre of Social Sciences
The University also possesses a research centre in the Crimea and Biological Station on the White Sea.
Moscow State University has a long-standing tradition of academic excellence. At this oldest and most famous Russian university, scientific and educational schools of international reputation have been formed. The University teachers and professors are highly qualified and world recognised for their achievements in modern science. A number of the University graduates and professors became Nobel Prize winners and are considered world famous scientists. The University employs 8,500 professors, teachers and researchers. 6,900 of them hold Doctor of Science and PhD Degrees.
Many outstanding scholars, public and state leaders of the world have been elected Honourary Professors and Doctors of the University. Among them are J. Goethe, the beloved German thinker and novellist, the first prime-minister of India Jawaharlal Nehru, Margarete Thatcher, and last but not least, Bill Clinton. Many current and past political leaders, such as M. Gorbatchev are alumni of Moscow State University and underlign the ambitions of the university to provide the best tuition to the best people.
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